Reich: Sextet, Clapping Music, Music for Pieces of Wood - Percy
LSO Live LSO5073
Classical - Chamber
Reich: Sextet; Clapping Music; Music for Pieces of Wood
LSO Percussion Ensemble
Neil Percy (conductor)
LSO Live explore the music of America’s most influential living composer with performances of three of his most iconic works: 'Sextet', 'Clapping Music' and 'Music for Pieces of Wood'.
Employing Reich’s universally recognisable sound world, 'Sextet' uses hypnotic repetitions of a sequence of harmonies, which gradually overlap and interweave, resulting in a complex yet utterly compelling musical landscape. Introducing more dissonance and aggressive rhythms than previous compositions, the relationship of the five movements is that of an arch form, A-B-C-B-A. Changes of tempo are made abruptly at the beginning of new movements by metric modulation and sections are also organised harmonically with a chord cycle for the first and fifth. Reich says of the work, "The ambiguity here is between which is melody and which is accompaniment. In music that uses a great deal of repetition, I believe it is precisely these kinds of ambiguity that give vitality and life."
Composed in 1972, 'Clapping Music' strips back to the bare essentials, taking traditional African rhythms as its starting point. Conceived from a desire to compose music "that would need no instrument beyond the human body" it is perhaps the most elemental example of phasing in the composer’s catalogue. The whole work consists of a single rhythmic cell which becomes staggered as the work progresses, creating an entrancing and hypnotic effect. Having previously performed the work with the composer, Neil Percy delivers an inspired performance alongside his LSO Co-Principal, Sam Walton.
'Music for Pieces of Wood' takes this concept a step further, adding pitches, in the form of claves tuned A, B, C#, D# and D# an octave above. The claves are chosen for their resonant timbre and the piece is one of the loudest the composer has written, despite using no amplification whatsoever. Neil Percy, LSO Principal Percussionist and Ensemble Director, says of his relationship with these pieces and the
composer: "The thing I enjoy most about playing the music of Steve Reich is its diversity, its complexity, its challenging nature… We’ve played so many pieces of Steve’s over the years with him being present, so it’s got a very personal set of challenges that I find completely irresistible. That’s why, on this particular project for LSO Live, we tried to put together a programme that reflected all of the pieces that the group themselves really like to play."
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Review by Graham Williams - June 27, 2016
This timely release of three works by one of the pioneers of minimalism Steve Reich appears a few months before the composer celebrates his 80th birthday on 3rd October 2016. The three performances recorded here were given by members of the London Symphony Orchestra Percussion Ensemble led by Neil Percy – a consummate virtuoso – who for almost 20 years has been the LSO's Principal Percussionist.
'Clapping Music' composed in 1972 is exactly what it says on the tin. Reich conceived the piece from a desire to compose music “that would need no instrument beyond the human body”. Beginning with a single rhythmic cell of 12 beats modelled on traditional African bell rhythms it uses Reich's familiar phasing technique to explore the basic rhythmic pattern with mesmerising effect. Neil Percy and his LSO Co-Principal Sam Walton, deliver a faultless account of what must surely be a most challenging piece for performers.
A year later in 1973 Reich composed his 'Music for Pieces of Wood' in which five performers play five sets of wood blocks (claves) tuned A, B, C#, D# and the D# an octave above. Though, unlike 'Clapping Music', the element of pitch is present, it is the interplay of the complex rhythmic patterns that captivates the listener. Neil Percy and Sam Walton are joined by Simon Crawford-Phillips, David Jackson and Antoine Bedewi to yield a performance of amazing precision and control of dynamics.
The final and longest piece on this SACD is the 'Sextet' of 1985 for which Philip Moore joins the ensemble. While the first two works represent Reich in what might be considered to be his purest style, the 'Sextet' brings a wider range of instrumental sonorities into play in what is a more ambitious and colourful composition. The six players – four percussionists and two keyboard players doubling on piano and synthesizers – demonstrate their adroitness on a wide variety of instruments that include marimba, vibraphone, bass drum and crotales. The work's five movements are played in an unbroken sequence that create an arch form ( ABCBA) and each becomes slower in tempo (and shorter) as the centre is reached. The limitations of most percussion instruments to provide sustaining pitches is overcome not only by the use of synthesizers but also the technique of sometimes bowing the vibraphones. The immediate accessibility of the 'Sextet' aided by the brilliance of the LSO Percussion Ensemble's stunning playing will surely bring new converts to Reich's archetypal and iconic oeuvre.
Unlike most releases from LSO Live this one was not recorded in the Barbican but in LSO St Luke's, an 18th-century Grade 1 listed Nicholas Hawksmoor church that was restored to become the home of the LSO's community and music education programme. The recording (in DSD 128fs) vividly captures the clean acoustic of this venue with the 5.1 multi-channel mix adding just an extra degree of ambience to the sound.
The only regret for admirer's of Steve Reich's particular brand of minimalism is that the whole programme lasts only 43 minutes, but as the performances and the recorded sound are so outstanding and LSO Live's pricing so competitive there is little or nothing to complain about.
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